вторник, 15 мая 2012 г.

Oкончательный список тем

Exam Topics VII Grade
  1. Speak about London as one of the most fascinating capitals in the world.
  2. My place is my home, my family, they say. Do you agree?
  3. Prove that English is a truly global language of the world.
  4. Explain why Kemerovo is the heart of Kuzbass.
  5. Prove that Great Britain is rich in holidays.
  6. Cinema or theatre
  7. Australia: a continent or a country? Describe it.
  8. Prove that Russia is a country of beauty.
  9. Which of the English-speaking countries would you like to visit?
  10. “A hobby is a pleasant pastime”. Explain it.
  11. The US is a country with a lot of natural wonders. Prove it.
  12. Why the capital of Russia is called “Moscow the beautiful”?
  13. Explain what role sport plays in people’s life.
  14. The Olympic Games
  15. They say “A good book is the best of friends, the same today and forever”. What do you think? What do you read for?

Дополнительная информация по English-speaking countries

New Zealand


New Zealand is an island country in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1 600 km southeast of Australia and about 10 500 km southwest of California. New Zealand belongs to a large island group called Polynesia. The country is situated on two main islands — the North Island and the South Island — and several dozen smaller islands. Most of the smaller islands are hundreds of kilometers from the main ones.

Wellington is the capital of New Zealand and Auckland is the largest city. English is the official language of New Zealand and is spoken throughout the country. Many native people speak their own language, Maori, in addition to English.

The country once belonged to the British empire. Today it is in independent member of the Commonwealth of Nations, an issociation of Britain and a number of its former colonies.

New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. The British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, is the monarch of New Zealand. She appoints a governor general to represent her, but the governor general has little power. The legislation, prime minister, and Cabinet run the national go­vernment.

Britain gave New Zealand a constitution in 1852, when it was a British colony. But through the years the New Zealand legislature has changed almost all its provisions. Today, the nation has no written constitution.

The first people who settled in New Zealand were a brown-skinned people called Maoris. They came from Polynesian islands located northeast of New Zealand. The country was discovered by Europeans in 1642, but they did not start to settle in the islands until the late 1700′s. Today, most New Zealanders are descendants of the early European settlers. Maoris make up about 12% of the country’s population.

New Zealand has one of the highest standard of living in the world. For many years, the economy of the country depended largely on agriculture. Today agriculture, manu- factoring, and service industries are all important to the economy. New Zealands economy depends on trade with many countries — Australia, Britain, Japan and the United States.
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Canada

Canada is the second largest country in the world. Only Russia has a greater land area. Canada is situated in North America. Canada is slightly larger than the United States, but has only about a tenth as many people. About 28 million people live in Canada. About 80% of the population live within 320 km of the southern border. Much of the rest of Canada is uninhabited or thinly populated because of severe natural conditions.

Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and 2 territories;. Canada is an independent nation. But according to the Constitution Act of 1982 British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as Queen of Canada. This symbolizes the country’s strong* ties to Britain. Canada was ruled by Britain completely until 1867, when Canada gained control of its domestic affairs. Britain governed Canada’s foreign affairs until 1931, when Canada gained full independence.

Canada’s people are varied. About 57% of all Canadians have some English ancestry and about 32% have some French ancestry. Both English and French are official languages of

the country. French Canadians, most of whom live in the provinces of Quebec, have kept the language and customs of their ancestors. Other large ethnic groups are German, Irish and Scottish people. Native people — American Indians and Eskimos — make up about 2% of the country’s population. 77% of Canada’s people live in cities or towns. Toronto and Montreal are the largest urban areas. Ottawa is the capital of the country.

Today, maintaining a sense of community is one of the major problems in Canada because of differences among the provinces and territories. Many Canadians in western and eastern parts of the country feel that the federal government does not pay enough attention to their problems. 80% of Quebec’s population are French Canadians. Many of them believe that their province should recieve a special recognition in the Canadian constitution.
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Other English-speaking Countries


I’d like to tell you about another countries, where English is the official language. At first, it’s the USA. After 350 years of development the United States of America still holds the leading position in the western world. The USA is the most powerful and highly developed country in the world. What makes the USA the leader of the western world is its economical, political and military dominiance over other countries.

Canada is the second largest country in the world. Only Russia has a greater land area. Canada is situated in North America. About 28 million people live in Canada. Canada is an independent nation. But according to the Constitution Act of 1982 British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as Queen of Canada. Canada’s people are varied. About 57% of all Canadians have some English ancestry. Both English and French are official languages of the country. Other large ethnic groups are German, Irish and Scottish people.

Australia is the only country in the world that is also a continent. It’s the sixth large country and the smallest continent. The country’s official name is Commonwealth of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia is a federation of states. Australia has six states and two territories.

Australia is a constitutional monarchy like Great Britain. The Britain monarch, Queen Elizabeth II is also queen of

Australia and country’s head of state. But the queen has little power in the Australian government.

New Zealand is an island country in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. New Zealand belongs to a large island group called Polynesia. The country is situated on two main islands — the North Island and the South Island.

Wellington is the capital of New Zealand. English is the official language of New Zealand and is spoken throughout the country.

New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. The British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, is the monarch of New Zealand. Britain gave New Zealand a constitution in 1852.

New Zealand has one of the highest standard of living in the world. New Zealand’s economy depends on trade with many countries — Australia, Britain and the USA.


English-speaking countries


Great Britain, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand are English speaking countries. They are situated in different parts of the world and differ in many ways. The nature of these countries, their weather and climate and way of life of their people differ. Each coutry has it's own history customs, traditions, its own national holidays. But they all have a common language. English, the language of the people who left England to make their names in new countries.
The United Kindom of Great Britain and North Ireland consist of 4 parts: England, Scotland, Wales, Northen Ireland. The British Isles are group of islands lying off the noth-west coast of the continent of Europe. There are no high mountains, no very long river, no great forest in U.K. The population of the U.K. is almost fifty-six million.
The USA is situated in the central part of the North American continent. The population of the USA is more then 236 million people. The USA is a highly develoed industrial country. In the USA there are two main political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.
Canada has area of nearly 10 million square kilometres. It's westen coast is washed by the Pacific Ocean and its eastern coast by the Atlantic Ocean. The population of Canada is over 26 million people. Canada is a capitalist federal state and a member of the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth of Australia territories are the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania and number of smaller islands. Australia has an area of nearly eight million square kilometres. The population of Australia is over sixteen million people. The Commonwealth of Australia is a capitalist self- governing federal state.
New Zealand is situated south-east of Australia. The country consists of the large islands called North Island, South Island and Stewart Island and also many small islands. The population of New Zealand is over three million people. New Zealand is a capitalist self-governing state and a meember of the Commonwealth.

London

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than 11 000 000 people. London is situated on the river Thames.

The city is very old and beautiful. It was founded more than two thousand years ago. Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the Westminster, the West End and the East End.

The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business centre. The Westminster is the aristocratic official part of London. It includes Buckingham Palace, where the Queen lives, and the Houses of Parliament.

The West End is the most beautiful part of London. The best hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs, parks and houses are situated there.

The East End is an industrial district of London. There are many factories and the Port of London there.

London has many places of interest. One of them is the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government. There one can see the famous Tower Clock Big Ben, the symbol of London. Big Ben is the real bell which strikes every quarter of an hour. Another place of interest is Buckingham Palace. It’s the residence of the Queen. There are many other places of interest in London: Trafalgar Square, Regent’s Park, Westminster Abbey and, of course, the British Museum. It’s impossible to describe all places of interest.

The best way to know London is to visit it.

суббота, 5 мая 2012 г.


The USA
The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada, and China). It occupies the southern part of North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. The total area of the country is about nine and a half million square kilometres. The USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south. It also has a seaboarder with Russia.
The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia where the capital of the country, Washington, is situated. The population of the country is about 250 million.
If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands and mountains. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera, and the Sierra Nevada. The highest peak is Mount McKinley, which is located in Alaska.
America's largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio Grande, and the Columbia. The Great Lakes on the border with Canada are the largest and deepest in the USA.
The climate of the country varies greatly. The coldest regions are in the north. The climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate of the central part of the country is continental. The south has subtropical climate. Hot winds blowing from the Gulf of Mexico often bring typhoons. The climate along the Pacific coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic coast.
The USA is a highly developed industrial country. It is the leading producer of copper and oil and the worlds second producer of iron ore and coal. On the industrial enterprises of the country they produce aircrafts, cars, textiles, radio and television sets, weapon, furniture, and paper.
Though mainly European and African in origin, the Americans are made up from nearly all races and nations, including the Chinese and the native Americans — Indians.
The largest cities are New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, San Francisco, and others.
The United States is a federal republic consisting of 50 states, each of which has its own government. The seat of the central (federal) government is Washington, D. C. According to the Constitution of the USA, the powers of the government are divided into 3 branches: the executive, headed by the President, the legislative, exercised by the Congress, and the juridical. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. There are two main political parties in the USA: the Republican and the Democratic.

понедельник, 2 апреля 2012 г.

Поздравляю вас, дорогие мои ученики, с началом новой и, что немаловажно, последней учебной четверти! Желаю вам всяческих успехов и самое главное терпения нам с вами!:)

понедельник, 26 марта 2012 г.

9. Prove that Russia is a country of beauty. Explain your attitude.

Russia is the largest country in the world. The vast territory of Russia lies in the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Russia is bordered by 12 seas of 3 oceans. It also shares borders with many countries, such as Mongolia and China to the southeast, Finland and Norway to the northwest and so on.
The vast land of Russia varies very much from forests to deserts, from high mountains to deep valleys. The main mountain chains are the Urals, the Caucasus and the Altai. There are a lot of great rivers and deep lakes on its territory. The longest rivers are the Volga, the Lena and the Yenisei. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest in the world.
The current population of Russia is more than 150 million people. The capital of Russia is Moscow with a population of about 110 million people. Russia is a presidential republic. It has also its own Parliament, which consists of two chambers.
There is nothing better and the most expensive in the world like Native Land. It gives us wings for flight, lights every our step. It is impossible to choose Native Land. It can be only loved or treated indifferently to.
Unfortunately some people don’t have the sense of patriotism and feeling of pride. How to develop this sense?
Recently I have been to the city at the bank of the river the Neva – Saint Petersburg. I visited a lot of excursions and knew the city’s history. I was very impressed by magnificent buildings of Cathedrals, ancient Palace`s towers and many other sights. Having seen all the sights I understood that exactly in such cities we could develop the spirit of Homeland and bring up to love the country.
After this journey my love to the Native Land became stronger and I’m ready to defend it and do good to it.

среда, 21 марта 2012 г.

National symbol of Australia



The flag of Australia


7. Explain why Australia is the most extraordinary country to explore.

Australia, or the Commonwealth of Australia, as it is officially called, is situated on the island continent. It also occupies the Island of Tasmania and some minor islands round the coast of the continent.

It is a highly developed industrial-agrarian country. Its area is about 8 million km2. It is the only state in the world that occupies the territory of a whole continent.

The capital of Australia is Canberra, which became the capital only in 1927.

From 1787 to 1867 Australia was a place where criminals were sent from Britain. That is why the official language of Australia is English.

Almost one half of Australian territory is occupied by deserts and semideserts. For quite a long period of time it was thought to be useless for economic development. But it is rich in coal, iron ore, bauxites, uranium, lead and many other mineral resources.

For almost a century the production and export of sheep wool was the basis of the economy of the country. Now the most important industries are oil, chemical, ore mining, radioelectronics, and food industry. The country exports agricultural products and raw materials.

As for the nature, the commonest trees of Australia are the eucalyptus and the Australian acacia or mimosa, the national emblem of the country. Such unusual animals as a kangaroo or a koala-bear originate from Australia.

Australia is one of the most unusual and exotic countries of the world. A significant feature of modern Australian society is the representation of a lot of cultures drawn from many lands by its people.

Historically part of the British Empire and now a member of a Commonwealth of Nations, it is a relatively prosperous and independent nation.



Австралия

Австралия, или Австралийский Союз, как она официально называется, находится на островном континенте. Она также занимает остров Тасмания и небольшие острова вокруг континентального побережья .

Это весьма развитая индустриально-аграрная страна. Её площадь составляет около 8 млн км2. Это единственное государство в мире, занимающее территорию целого континента.

Столица Австралии- Канберра, стала столицей лишь в 1927 году.

С 1787 по 1867 год Австралия была местом, куда отправлялись преступники из Англии. Именно поэтому официальным языком Австралии является английский.

Почти половину территории Австралии занимают пустыни и полупустыни. В течение довольно долгого времени они считались бесполезными для экономического развития. Но они богаты углём, железной рудой, бокситами, ураном, свинцом и многими другими полезными ископаемыми.

Почти столетие производство и экспорт шерсти овец являлся основой экономики страны. В настоящее время наиболее важными отраслями являются нефтяная, химическая, горнорудная промышленность, радиоэлектроника, а также пищевая промышленность. Страна экспортирует сельскохозяйственную продукцию и сырьё.

Что касается природы, то самыми распространенными деревьями в Австралии являются эвкалипт и австралийская акация, или мимоза,- государственный герб страны. Такие необычные животные, как кенгуру или коала, родом тоже из Австралии.

Австралия является одной из самых необычных и экзотических стран мира. Важной особенностью современного австралийского общества является представительство многих культур, принесённых на континент из разных земель.

Исторически- часть Британской империи, в настоящее время - член Содружества Наций, Австралия является процветающей и независимой страной.

среда, 14 марта 2012 г.

6. Prove that Great Britain is rich in holidays.

There are fewer public holidays in Great Britain than in other European countries. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday and Summer Bank Holiday. Public holidays in Britain are called bank holidays, because the banks as well as most of the offices and shops are closed.
The most popular holiday is Christmas. Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It's a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Central streets are beautifully decorated.
Before Christmas, groups of singers go from house to house. They collect money for charity and sing carols, traditional Christmas songs. Many churches hold a carol service on the Sunday before Christmas.
The fun starts the night before, on the 24th of December. Traditionally this is the day when people decorate their trees. Children hang stockings at the end of their beds, hoping that Father Christmas will come down the chimney during the night and fill them with toys and sweets. Christmas is a family holiday. Relatives usually meet for the big Christmas dinner of turkey and Christmas pudding. And everyone gives and receives presents. The 26th of December, Boxing Day, is an extra holiday after Christmas Day. This is the time to visit friends and relatives or perhaps sit at home and watch football.
New Year's Day is less popular in Britain than Christmas. But in Scotland, Hogmanay is the biggest festival of the year.
Besides public holidays there are some special festivals in Great Britain. One of them takes place on the 5th of November. On that day, in 1605, Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament and kill King James I. He didn't succeed. The King's men found the bomb, took Guy Fawkes to the Tower and cut off his head.
Since that day the British celebrate the 5th of November. They burn a dummy, made of straw and old clothes, on a bonfire and let off fireworks. This dummy is called a "guy" (like Guy Fawkes) and children can often be seen in the streets before the 5th of November saying, "Penny for the guy." If they collect enough money they can buy some fireworks.
There are also smaller, local festivals in Britain.

Праздники в Великобритании.
В Великобритании меньше выходных дней , чем в других европейских странах. К ним относятся: Рождество, День подарков, Новый Год, Страстная пятница, Пасхальный понедельник, Майский день, праздник Весны и праздник Лета. Выходные дни в Англии называют банковскими днями, потому что банки, как и большинство офисов и магазинов закрыты.
Самый популярный праздник- Рождество. Каждый год народ Норвегии дарит Лондону подарок. Это большая Рождественская елка, и она стоит на Трафальгарской площади. Центральные улицы красиво украшены.
Перед Рождеством, группы певцов идут от дома к дому. Они собирают деньги на благотворительность и поют колядки - традиционные рождественские песни. Многие церкви проводят торжественные службы в воскресенье перед Рождеством.
Веселье начинается накануне вечером, 24 декабря. Традиционно в этот день люди украшают свои елки. Дети вешают чулки в конце  кровати, надеясь, что Санта Клаус спуститься по трубе ночью и заполнит их игрушками и сладостями. Рождество - семейный праздник. Родственники обычно встречаются за большим Рождественским обедом из индейки и Рождественского пудинга. И каждый дарит и получает подарки. 26 декабря, День подарков, это дополнительный праздник после Рождества. Это время для посещения друзей и родственников, а может быть, чтобы  сидеть дома и смотреть футбол.
Первый день Нового Года менее популярен в Великобритании чем Рождество. Но в Шотландии, Hogmanay (Хогманей)- это самый большой фестиваль года.
Кроме общественных праздников существуют специальные фестивали в Великобритании. Один из них проходит 5 ноября. В этот день в 1605 году, Гай Фокс попытался взорвать здание парламента и убить короля Джеймса I. Он не сумел. Люди короля нашли бомбу, заточили Гая Фокса в Тауэр и отрубили ему голову.
С тех пор британци отмечают 5 ноября. Они сжигают чучело, сделанное из соломы и старой одежды, на костре, и пускают фейерверки. Этот манекен, называется "парень" (как Гай Фокс), и часто можно увидеть
детей на улицах 5 ноября говорящих: "Пенни для парня". Если они собирают достаточно денег, они могут купить фейерверки.
В Великобритании есть также небольшие местные  фестивали .

вторник, 6 марта 2012 г.

4. Prove that English is a truly global language of the world.


4. Prove that English is a truly global language of the world.
Learning a foreign language is not an easy thing. It is a long and slow process that takes a lot of time and efforts. Nowadays it is especially important to know foreign languages. Some people learn languages because they need them for their work, others travel abroad, for the third studying languages is a hobby. Everyone, who knows foreign languages can speak to people from other countries, read foreign writers in the original, which makes your outlook wider.

It is not surprising that many intellectuals and well-educated people are polyglots. I study English. Nowadays English has become the world’s most important language in politics, science, trade and cultural relations. Over 300 million people speak it as a mother tongue. The native speakers of English live in Great Britain, the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand. English is one of the official languages in the Irish Republic, Canada, the South Africa Republic. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations Organization and other political organizations. Half of the world’s scientific literature is in English. It is the language of computer technology.

To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every good specialist. The English language is a wonderful language. It is the language of the great literature. It is the language of William Shakespeare, Jonathan Swift, Walter Scott, Charles Dickens. The great German poet Goethe once said, “He, who knows no foreign language, does not know his own one”. That is why in order to understand oneself and environment one has to study foreign languages.

воскресенье, 26 февраля 2012 г.

5. Explain why Kemerovo is the heart of Kuzbass. 7 Б,В,Г учим к субботе (03.03), 7А - к понедельнику (05.03)

Kemerovo

Kemerovo is the capital of Kuzbass, its most important residential, industrial, cultural and educational centre. Kemerovo is a young city. It was founded a little more than 20 years ago, on the banks of the river Tom. The little village Sheglovka by name has changed beyond recognition. Today Kemerovo is a beautiful, modern city with a population of nearly a million residents. You can see many old and modern buildings, wide and straight streets, big and small squares, green parks. 

Kemerovo is famous for its coal mines, chemical and machine-building plants, factories.

Kemerovo is also a town of students. There are 7 higher educational institutions in it: the State University, the Polytechnical University, the Medical Academy, the Academy of Art and Culture, the Technological Institute of Food Industry, the Higher Military School for, the University of Commerce and Trade. 

Besides, Kemerovo is a cultural center. The Kemerovites and visitors can go to the Drama of Musical Comedy Theatre, the Concert Hall, the Puppet Show, the Circus, the Theatre for the Young, as well as its museums, picture gallery, cinemas.

The Kemerovites are proud of their native city and make it more and more beautiful from year to year.
They say, East or West, home is best. Nearly every person takes native city dear to the heart. My city is really remarkable nowadays. Today it is a modern Siberian center with wide streets and prospects. The central , Vesennyaya Street is a splendid sight in spring, with blossing lilac bushes and the square in memory of Volkov, the founder of coal in this region, with parks and alleys.

Summing it up, I can honestly say that I’m proud of my native town Kemerovo and I think it’s the best place to live in.

четверг, 16 февраля 2012 г.

Произошли небольшие изменения в списке тем. Данной темы в списке пока нет. но она тоже будет на экзамене!



Are you a theatre-goer? Explain your point of view.
Although I’m not a theatre-goer, I never miss a chance to see a good play. There are many theatres in Kemerovo. I visited some of them: Drama Theatre and the Theatre for the Young and Children. I enjoyed visiting them very much!
Once when I was in Moscow my parents proposed me to visit the Bolshoi Theatre. It is always very difficult to find tickets for really good performances. It’s next to impossible to get tickets to the Bolshoi Theatre on a Sunday night.
But we were lucky to get tickets to the Bolshoi Theatre. The “Swan Lake” was on.
We bought tickets in the box-office of the theatre. I knew that the best and the most expensive seats were in the stalls and the dress-circle. The seats in the upper circle pit and gallery were cheaper. The seats in the stalls were sold out. I took box number six in the dress-circle. It was very well placed and we could have a good view of the stage.
The Bolshoi Theatre is a magnificent building. We arrived at the theatre ahead of time. I hate coming at the last moment. Having produced our tickets, we passed through the entrance halland went to the cloak room, where we left our hats and coats. The usher led us to our seats.
At last the curtain went up. The scenery was beautifully set up. The Bolshoi Theatre is famous for its excellent performances. Its productions are always a success and have a very long run. We enjoyed the “Swan Lake”. Music and dances were perfect. The leading lady was marvellous. At the end of the acts the audience applauded the dancers. The theatre was ful. There was hardly any vacant place.
The “Swan Lake” made deep impression on me!

воскресенье, 12 февраля 2012 г.

For more information about Passive Voice visit http://www.native-english.ru/grammar/voices

Страдательный залог (продолжение)

Вопросительная форма образуется путём переноса (первого) вспомогательного глагола на место перед подлежащим, например:

When was the work done?

Has the work been done?

Отрицательная форма образуется с помощью отрицания not, которое ставится после первого вспомогательного глагола, например:

The work was not done last week.

The work will not done tomorrow.

Сравним действительный залог со страдательным залогом:

Active Voice

Tom delivers the mail.
Том доставляет почту.

Tom delivered the mail.
Том доставлял почту.

Tom will deliver the mail.
Том доставит почту.

Passive Voice

The mail is delivered by Tom.
Почта доставляется Томом.

The mail was delivered by Tom.
Почта доставлялась Томом.

The mail will be delivered by Tom.
Почта будет доставляться Томом.

Как и в русском языке, существительное, играющее роль дополнения в предложении действительного залога, в предложении страдательного залога становится обычно подлежащим. Если в оборотах со страдательным залогом указан производитель действия, то в русском языке он обозначается творительным падежом, а в английском ему предшествует предлог by. Употребление времени в английском страдательном залоге принципиально не отличается от его употребления в действительном залоге. При переводе страдательного залога на русский язык возможны следующие варианты:

1. Краткая форма причастий страдательного залога

I am invited to a party.
Я приглашён на вечеринку.

2. Глаголы, оканчивающие на -ся-

All observations were made by a team of famous scientists.
Все наблюдения проводились группой знаменитых учёных.

3. Неопределённо-личные предложения (этот способ перевода применим лишь в тех случаях, если производитель действия в английском страдательном залоге не упомянут).

We were asked to come as early as possible.
Нас попросили прийти как можно раньше.

Страдательный (Пассивный залог) Passive Voice

Залог - это форма глагола, которая показывает, является ли подлежащее предложения производителем или объектом действия, выраженного сказуемым. В английском языке имеется два залога: the Active Voice (действительный залог) и the Passive Voice (страдательный залог).

 Страдательный залог употребляется, когда исполнитель действия очевиден или несуществен, или когда действие или его результат более интересны, чем исполнитель, а также он больше распространен в официально-деловом стиле речи. Страдательный залог образуется с помощью глагола to be в соответствующем времени и III формы глагола (причастие II).

Topic № 11


“A hobby is a pleasant pastime”. Explain it.
Hobby is something you do when you have some spare time. This is your pastime or leisure. So many people – so many activities, they say, as people go in for different hobbies – fishing, hunting, collecting, travelling – what not!
A lot of people enjoy collecting coins, badges, stamps, souvenirs, butterflies. They are so proud of their collections and never stop talking of them.
Other prefer sports (indoors or outdoors – it depends on their tastes and weather). They spend long hours training or participating in various competitions. They believe, participation is more important than winning a victory.
Or they are sport fans and shout for their favourites. Many people find nothing so good As reading, they can’t help reading a novel or a detective story, or a favourite essay; tastes differ in fact.
Having a pet at home is not eccentric either.
And, of course, there are people who are fond of travelling. It’s a pleasant and useful hobby, isn’t it? Don’t you think that travelling enlarges your outlook, develops your skills, fills your leisure and enriches your experience.
Naturally, some hobbies need money spendings and efforts. And what about visiting friends? It isn’t expensive at all. But it is really pleasant.
Or listening to music. Or watching TV and videos. Some people are so fond and full of TV programmes, cartoons, trillers, soap-operas, they are calles “couch potatoes”. Of course, TV is a source of education and pleasure, not only a waste of time, but many young people prefer visiting theatres or cinemas, or visiting historic places.
You choose for your personal fun and profit. Are you an indoor or an outdoor type? Find out and enjoy your free time!

четверг, 9 февраля 2012 г.

The List of Exam Topics!!!


Exam Topics VII Grade
  1. Speak about London as one of the most fascinating capitals in the world.
  2. Describe W.Shakespeare as “a man for all times”. Speak about his life and work.
  3. My place is my home, my family, they say. Do you agree?
  4. Prove that English is a truly global language of the world.
  5. Explain why Kemerovo is the heart of Kuzbass.
  6. Prove that Great Britain is rich in holidays.
  7. Australia: a continent or a country? Describe it.
  8. Explain why Australia is the most extraordinary country to explore.
  9. Prove that Russia is a country of beauty.
  10. Which of the English-speaking countries would you like to visit?
  11. “A hobby is a pleasant pastime”. Explain it.
  12. The US is a country with a lot of natural wonders. Prove it.
  13. Why the capital of Russia is called “Moscow the beautiful”?
  14. Explain what role sport plays in people’s life.
  15. They say “A good book  is the best of friends, the same today and forever”. What do you think? What do you read for?